Deluxe palaces, antiquated forts and majestic buildings are the highlights of this country. There is a rich history of India which is unreachable by any of the researchers. The history of India is vast so as the historical places. Indian history is also famous for its courage, battles, power and romantic couples. Today we are going to consider the famous historical places of India. So if you want a taste of Indian history then read this article to the end.
Taj Mahal, Agra
Taj Mahal is one of the leading historical buildings of India which is built under the supervision of Shah Jahan. He built this beautiful structure for his wife Mumtaz Mahal to show his love for her. Taj Mahal is famous across the world and very popular too. Taj Mahal belongs to the Mughal period and pure white marble is used to build this beautiful monument. It is situated in Agra, Uttar Pradesh (INDIA). You will also get the opportunity to explore the streets of Agra. Every year the number of tourist across the world are increasing to see this famous historical monument of India.
Qutub Minar, Delhi
Qutub Minar is one of the tallest ancient towers across the world. The height of Qutub Minar is 240 feet according to the UNESCO World Heritage site. This tallest structure is built by Qutub-ud-din-Aibak in 1993. Qutub Minar is situated in Mehrauli, New Delhi.
Qutub Minar is also coming in the list of the famous historical building of India. It is also famous for its historical inscriptions engraved in Persian and Arabic language. Iranian architecture uses the red sandstone and his skill which leads to the most famous tourist attraction in India.
Amer Fort, Rajasthan
Amer Fort is popularly known as Amer Palace which is built by Raja Man Singh. The town of Amer is built by Meenas but later it was ruled by Raja Man Singh. Maota Lake is the main source of water for the Fort. Also, the Amer Fort is built above the hills of Cheel ka Teela. Unique architecture, red sandstone and the marble make this fort very attractive. Tourists usually visit this Palace because of Sheesh Mahal where the shoot of famous movie Mughal-e-Azam has taken place. There are also rumours that Amer fort is haunted but everyone is free to speak. We all know that Amer fort is the beautiful historical building of India.
Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
The Ajanta and Ellora caves are situated in Maharashtra. These caves are famous for their paintings and rock-cut sculptures which are the finest surviving examples of ancient Indian art. This spot is must visit place when you visit Maharashtra. You will also see the Gateway of India when you take the boat for Caves. Gateway of India is also a famous tourist spot in India. Also, these Rock-cut sculptures show the past lives and rebirth of Buddha. These caves are discovered in 1819 and it is the famous tourist spot in India.
Red Fort, Delhi
This is another monument built by Shah Jahan. Lal Quila took 9 years of time to complete. Built at the time of Mughal empire and it is made up of red sandstone. Red Fort is the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years and it defines the power of Delhi Sultanate.
Red Fort is the place where Prime minister of India hosts the flag at the Independence Day every year. The best timings to visit Red Fort are between 9.30 am to 4.30 pm except for Mondays. Red Fort is a historic fort situated in the city of Delhi in India.
MAHABALIPURAM, TAMIL NADU
Mamallapuram, or Mahabalipuram, is a town on a strip of land between the Bay of Bengal and the Great Salt Lake, in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It’s known for its temples and monuments built by the Pallava dynasty in the 7th and 8th centuries. The monuments are a fusion of religion, culture and legend relating to the Hindu religious pantheon. They are expressions through rock or inside boulders, on a grand scale, integrating nature and sculpture.
Mahabalipuram is home to several tourist attractions that make for great exploration and sightseeing. There are several temples which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites besides other attractions which never stop amazing the visitors.
Here are the most famous tourist attractions in Mahabalipuram:
• Arjuna’s Penance
• Thirukadalmallai Temple
• Shore Temple
• Crocodile Farm
• Krishna’s Butterball
• Cave Temples
• Mahabalipuram (Mamallapuram) Dance Festival
• India Seashell Museum
Amritsar City ( Jallianwala Bagh & Golden Temple)
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Indians, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab. The Rowlatt Act, 1919 had been implemented and it was not informed to the civilians. The civilians had assembled for a festival known as Baisakhi. Baisakhi marks the Sikh new year and commemorates the formation of Khalsa Panth of warriors under Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. On hearing that a meeting had assembled at Jallianwala Bagh, Dyer went with Sikh, Gurkha, Baluchi, Rajput troops from 2-9th Gurkhas, the 54th Sikhs and the 59th Sind Rifles, they entered the garden, blocking the main entrance after them, took up position on a raised bank, and on Dyer’s orders fired on the crowd for about ten minutes, directing their bullets largely towards the few open gates through which people were trying to flee, until the ammunition supply was almost exhausted. Dyer stated that approximately 1,650 rounds had been fired, a number apparently derived by counting empty cartridge cases picked up by the troops.
The most spiritual place in India, Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmindar Sahib, is the holiest shrine in Sikhism which is alive with religious fervour and sacredness. It is a place that can only be experienced and not described. Serving as a symbol of brotherhood and equality, Golden Temple is visited by people from all over the globe who come here to seek spiritual solace and religious fulfilment. Although the Golden Temple itself is of great historical and architectural interest, it is the view of the resplendent shrine, glistening in the centre of the tank, bringing an infinite calmness that is most memorable to a visitor.
Located in the beautiful city of Amritsar, Golden Temple is just a small part of the vast complex known as Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib to the Sikhs. The spiritual focus is the tank, the Amrit Sarovar, which surrounds the glistening central shrine. Amritsar takes its name from this Amrit Sarovar which was excavated in 1577 by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das. The Hari Mandir (central temple) is connected to the pathway by a marble causeway which is known as Guru’s Bridge.
The most important thing to keep in mind is that everybody is expected to keep their heads covered (with handkerchiefs or dupattas) at all times inside the premises of the gurudwara. The most cherished virtue in the gurudwara is the quality of “Seva”, which ranges from volunteering in the kitchen, washing utensils to sweep. I have never partaken in this activity, but would someday like to do so. Visitors can eat the food served during “langar”, which is free of charge.
Hawa Mahal is a palace in Jaipur, India. It is constructed of red and pink sandstone. The palace sits on the edge of the City Palace, Jaipur, and extends to the zenana, or women’s chambers. The structure was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. One of the main reasons of constructing this beautiful mahal decorated with fine lattice windows and screened balconies was to facilitate the royal Rajput women, who otherwise followed the strict Purdah system and refrained from appearing in public, in getting a glimpse of the daily events, royal processions and festivals taking place on the streets. This way they could enjoy their sense of freedom while maintaining their customs.
This monument has 953 Windows (jharokhas) from where in ancient times all the women of Royal families use to see all the festivals and occasions as well as the day to day life in the state…as they had to follow the “purdah” Tradition. Moreover, these Windows were also a source of cool breeze, making it easy for people of the royal family to fight to the tough summers. That’s why it is called Hawa Mahal.
Sanchi Stupa, also written Sanci, is a Buddhist complex, famous for its Great Stupa, on a hilltop at Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in 46 kilometres north-east of Bhopal, capital of Madhya Pradesh.
The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the most important Buddhist monuments reflecting the gem of Buddhist art and architecture. Located at Sanchi Town, Madhya Pradesh, India, this Stupa is the oldest stone structure in India that was built during the Mauryan period.